Types Of Injury Classification
What is injury?
bruise, also called physical trauma, refers to damage to the body caused by external forces. It is a general term that refers to injuries caused by accidents, falls, impacts, weapons, etc. Its scope can be physical, mental and psychological.
In the United States, millions of people are injured every year. These injuries range from mild to life-threatening. Injuries can occur at work or play, indoors or outdoors, while driving or crossing roads.
In 2013, 4.8 million people died from injuries worldwide, compared with 4.3 million in 1990. Of these deaths, more than 30% are transportation-related injuries. In 2013, 367,000 children under the age of 5 died of injuries, compared with 776,000 in 1990. Injuries account for 9% of all deaths and are the sixth leading cause of death in the world.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the International Classification of Causes of Trauma (ICECI). Under this system, injuries are classified as:
- Injury mechanism
- Objects/substances causing harm;
- Location occur;
- Activities at the time of injury;
- The role of human intentions;
These codes can identify the distribution of injuries in a specific population, and can identify cases to study the causes and preventive measures in more detail.
The US Bureau of Labor Statistics has developed the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS). Under this system, injuries are classified as follows:
- Part of the body is affected,
- Source and secondary source, and
- Event or exposure.
OIICS was first released in 1992 and has since been updated many times.
The Orchard Sports Injury and Illness Classification System (OSIICS) (formerly known as OSICS) is used to classify injuries so that specific sports injuries can be studied.
Common types of injuries include:
- Animal bites
- Electric shock
- Fracture (broken bone)
- Sprains and strains
Symptoms of injury include:
- Scratches (scratches)
- Bleeding or loss of control or heavy bleeding, bleeding
- Bone deformities or other types of deformities
- Burns, which may make the skin red, blistering or leathery white appearance
- Swollen joints
- Laceration (cut)
- Mobility (range of joint movement)
- Whether the tissue is swollen or discolored
Cause of injury
The many causes of injury include:
- Violence by others
- Bicycle or motor vehicle accident
- Bite or sting wound
- Burns (heat, chemical or electric)
- Fall, affect
- Overuse and repetitive sports injuries
- Poisoning and chemical exposure
- Sports or sports injuries
What are the risk factors for injury?
Many factors increase the risk of injury. Risk factors include:
- Age (Among young people under 44, injuries are a common cause of death, and older people are at greater risk of falling and injury)
- Aggressive or violent behavior
- Alcohol and illegal drugs
- Bone or joint disease
- Certain drugs that suppress the central nervous system or lower blood pressure
- Feeling down
- Distractions, inattention
- Dementia and other diseases that affect mental function
- Failure to use car seat belt
- Gait disorder
- Hearing problems
- Poor judgment
- Poor eyesight
- Refuse to wear recommended protective equipment and headgear
How to reduce the risk of injury
You can use the following methods:
- Take regular physical exercise to enhance general health
- Install handrails and handrails
- Observe speed limits and use crosswalks
- Optimize lighting inside and outside the house
- Place children in car seats and booster seats
- Reduce chaos and other trip hazards in the home or office
- Use anti-slip mats or strips in bathtubs and showers
- Wear a helmet when riding a bicycle, scooter or motorcycle
- Fasten your seat belt when driving
- Wear appropriate safety equipment during sports or other potentially dangerous activities
- When working in hazardous materials or in hazardous areas, please wear safety equipment such as goggles, aprons and gloves