Safe Medicine for Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that causes high levels of blood sugar (or sugar) in the body. This happens when your body cannot make or use insulin as expected. Insulin is a substance that helps your body use sugar in food.
There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. People with any type of diabetes need medication to help maintain normal blood sugar.
The type of medicine depends on the type of diabetes you have. This article provides you with information about Safe Medicine for Diabetes that can treat two types of diabetes at the same time to help you understand the available treatment options. Read Safe Medicine for Diabetes Article in Details.
Type 1 diabetes drugs
Insulin is the most common medication used in the treatment of type 1 diabetes.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin on its own. The purpose of treatment is to replace the insulin that your body cannot produce.
Insulin is also used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is administered by injection, and there are different types. The type of insulin you need depends on the severity of your insulin consumption.
- Ordinary insulin (Hu Minlin and Noverin)
- Aspartic insulin (NovoLog, FlexPen, Fiasp)
- Insulin Glutamate (Apidra)
- Insulin lispro (Humalog)
- Insulin iso-ophane (Humulin N, Novolin N)
- Deide insulin (Tresiba)
- Detemir (Levemir)
- Insulin glargine (Lantus)
- Insulin glargine (Toujeo)
- NovoLog Mix 70/30 (Insulin Aspart, Protamine-Insulin Aspart)
- Humalog Mix 75/25 (insulin lispro, protamine, insulin lispro)
- Humalog Mix 50/50 (insulin lispro, protamine, insulin lispro)
- Humulin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin routine)
- Novolin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin routine)
- Ryzodeg (insulin degludec-insulin aspart)
Pramlintide (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60) is a starch-like drug. It is an injectable medicine used before meals.
It can work by delaying the time it takes for your stomach to empty itself. It can reduce the secretion of glucagon after meals. This can lower blood sugar.
It also reduces appetite through a central mechanism.
Type 2 diabetes drugs
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body produces insulin, but it can no longer use it well.
Your body cannot produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. The goal of treatment is to help your body use insulin better or eliminate excess sugar in the blood.
Most drugs used for type 2 diabetes are oral drugs. However, there are some injections. Some people with type 2 diabetes may also need to take insulin.
These medicines help your body break down starchy foods and sugar. This effect can lower your blood sugar levels.
For best results, you should take these drugs before meals. These drugs include:
- Acarbose (Precose)
- Miglitol (sugar base)
Biguanides reduce the sugar produced by the liver. They can reduce the intestinal absorption of sugar, make the body more sensitive to insulin, and help muscles absorb glucose.
The most common biguanide is metformin (glycoprotein, metformin hydrochloride ER, Glumiza, Riomet, Fortamet).
Metformin can also be combined with other drugs for type 2 diabetes. It is a component of the following medicines:
- Metformin-Alogliptin (Kazano)
- Metformin-canalilide (Invokamet)
- Metformin-Dapagliflozin (Xigduo XR)
- Metformin-Epagliflozin (Synjardy)
- Metformin-Glibenclamide (Glucovance)
- Metformin-linagliptin (Jentadueto)
- Metformin-Pioglitazone (Actoplus)
- Metformin-Repaglinide (PrandiMet)
- Metformin-rosiglitazone (Avandamet)
- Metformin-Saxagliptin (Kombiglyze XR)
- Metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet)
Bromocriptine (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.
It is not clear how the drug treats type 2 diabetes. It may affect the rhythm in your body and prevent insulin resistance.
Depteptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor
DPP-4 inhibitors can help the body continue to make insulin. They work by lowering blood sugar without causing hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia).
These drugs can also help the pancreas produce more insulin. These drugs include:
Saxagliptin-Metformin (Kombiglyze XR)
Sitagliptin-Metformin (Janumet and Janumet XR)
Sitagliptin and Simvastatin (Juvisync)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 receptor agonist)
These drugs are similar to the natural hormone called incretin.
They increase the growth of B cells and how much insulin your body uses. They reduce your appetite and reduce the glucagon used in the body. They also slow the emptying of the stomach.
These are important actions for diabetics.
For some people, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure or chronic kidney disease may be more common than their diabetes. In these cases, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends certain GLP-1 receptor agonists as part of an antihyperglycemic treatment plan.
These drugs include:
Exenatide extended release agent (Bydureon)
These medicines help your body release insulin. However, in some cases, they may lower your blood sugar too much.
These drugs are not suitable for everyone. They include:
Sodium-Glucose Transporter (SGLT) 2 Inhibitor
Glucose sodium transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors work by preventing the kidneys from adhering to glucose. Instead, your body will excrete glucose through urine.
In cases where atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure or chronic kidney disease dominate, the ADA recommends SGLT2 inhibitors as a possible treatment option.
- Dapagliflozin (Farxiga)
- Dapagliflozin-Metformin (Sigdole XR)
- canagliflozin (Invokana)
- Canagliflozin-Metformin (Invokamet)
- Empagliflozin (Jardiance)
- Empagliflozin-linagliptin (Glyxambi)
- Empagliflozin-metformin (Synjardy)
- ertugliflozin (Steglatro)
These are among the oldest diabetes drugs still in use today. They act by stimulating the pancreas by beta cells. This will make your body produce more insulin.
These drugs include:
- Glimepiride (Amaryl)
- Glimepiride-Pioglitazone (Duetact)
- Glimepiride-rosiglitazone (Avandaryl)
- Glipizide (Glucotrol)
- Glipizide-Metformin (Metaglip)
- Glibenclamide (DiaBeta, glycinase, micronase)
- Glibenclamide-metformin (glucose)
- Chloropropionamide (diabetes)
- Toluene sulfamide (Orinase, Tol-Tab)
Thiazolidinediones can work by reducing glucose in the liver. They also help your fat cells use insulin better.
These drugs increase the risk of heart disease. If your doctor gives you one of these medicines, they will monitor your heart function during treatment.
- Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
- Rosiglitazone-glimepiride (Avandaryl)
- Rosiglitazone-Metformin (Amaryl M)
- Pioglitazone (Actos)
- Pioglitazone-Alogliptin (Oseni)
- Pioglitazone-Glimepiride (Duetact)
- Pioglitazone-Metformin (Actoplus Met, Actoplus Met XR)
Patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes often need to take other drugs to treat common diseases of diabetes.
These medications can include:
- Aspirin for heart health
- High cholesterol medication
- Hypertension drugs
Talk to your doctor
There are many drugs that can be used to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes. They each work in different ways to help you control your blood sugar. Read Safe Medicine for Diabetes Article written by Hasanat Alamgir or Ask your doctor which diabetes medicine might be best for you. Your doctor will make recommendations based on your diabetes type, health status, and other factors. Please do not forget to share the Safe Medicine for Diabetes Article with your friends and fmaily.
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