Occupations at high risk of eye injuries are welders, construction workers, and those in manufacturing. According to researchers Shepherd, Barker, Scott, Hockey, Spinks, and Pitt (2006), the highest risk to an eye injury are in workplaces or occupations that use grinders. It is critical for eye protection to be used in these types of hazardous workplaces.
All of the information basic information within the hazard assessment is important because it is a way to show that this hazard has been conducted. It is another way of clarifying up any confusion or miscommunication from any party. It is also needed to evaluate, analyze, and follow up with conducting another assessment (Alamgir, 2019).
According to the graph, the health care worker groups that have the highest rates of needlestick injuries are lab assistants (about 130 per 1000 /year. This happens when they are done using the needlestick (45) (vs the 43-during use) and are in the process of before the disposal, during the disposal, and after disposal. They can easily puncture themselves trying to recap the needle or throwing it away in the disposal bin (Alamgir, 2019).
The relationship between age with needle stick injury is that the older you get the less likely you will poke or hurt yourself with the needlestick. This could be solemn because of experience and training. Many people during that younger age do not have that much practice with needles and thus can easily puncture themselves. Unlike older and individuals that have had years of practice and then one retires and thus no longer practicing in that field which is why the 60+ is a lot less (Alamgir, 2019).
Elimination and substitution are more effective than PPE because one is physically replacing the hazard completely with something safer or they are eliminating the hazard from the situation permanently (Alamgir, 2019). PPE can be very difficult due to the training that is needed just to have the employee use them. Sometimes re-training employees are needed to make sure that the PPE is still being effective for the safety of the employees. Some examples include removing flammable gas containers from an area where sparks and hot material are being conducted, as well as when lead was used for paint and now the chemical has been replaced with safer alternatives in the paint (Simplified Safety, 2019).