Count of Injury and Illness Cases in Virginia:
Specific to the total count of injury and illness cases from 2003 to 2018 in Virginia , it seems that it has been fluctuating but with a decline. From 2003 to 2004 the number of injury and illness was about 90.0 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), n.d.). Until in 2005, it reached its peak to around 99.4 (CDC, n.d.). From 2006 to 2009 it lowered from 89.1 to 72.0 cases (CDC, n.d.). Furthermore, a spike of around 74.0 in 2010 occurs (CDC, n.d.). The number of cases has been declining since then with a few more minimal spikes from 2014 and 2016 (CDC, n.d.). I have noticed with this graph it seems that once a spike comes up during certain years, it goes back down. The highlight about this graph is the consistency of bringing down these cases every year.
Count of Injury Cases in Virginia:
The count of injury cases in Virginia is very similar to the count of injury and illnesses cases. It looks like Figure 1.0 and Figure 2.0 only vary slightly. For example, in 2005, the cases of just injury was about 94.8, while if we compared with Figure 1.0 the 2005 peak was 99.4 (CDC, n.d.). Thus, from the information given we can see that the number of cases from injury takes up most of the total cases of both injury and illness cases. The key finding here, from what I saw is why are there more injuries cases then case illnesses at work? Viewing this data trend, we are able to see if over the years, injuries have significantly gone down or if this is something that professionals need to focus on more. This can say a lot about what is going on in the industry and how we need to tackle these injuries. It is clear from the graph (Figure 2.0) that injury take up the most of the total cases of both injury and illness (Figure 1.0).
Count of Illness Cases in Virginia:
What was interesting about this one was how low the number of cases of illness in 2003 (3.4) was, compared to 2004 (4.7) and 2005 (4.6) (CDC, n.d.). It makes me question as to why something like this occurred. While many factors can play as to why these spikes may happen, what comes to my mind are the months where the weather changes such as flu or cold season. Another interesting look was how in 2007 (3.3) the trend was declining and another big spike in 2008 (4.2) occurred (CDC, n.d.). We have to keep in mind that sometimes a “work-related” illness is not always related to the industry. Using as my job as an example, an employee could get a contagious bacteria and state they got it from work. Depending on the state laws and regulations this could be work or not work-related and put into the system as such. While work-related illness is still as important, the cases of injury still over rules cases of illnesses when looking at them individually.
Incidence Rate of Injury Cases in Virginia:
Now if we take a look of the incident rate of just injury cases in Virginia we can see that in the years of 2003 (3.9) and 2005 (3.8) is when it was the highest rate (CDC, n.d.). We can see that there is a steady decline over the years from 2006 (3.4) to 2017 (2.3) (CDC, n.d.). As stated from the total incident rate of injury and illness cases, there is a very steady decline with minimal spikes such as in 2010 and in 2014, every few years. Something that I’ve noticed with all the other graphs of rates and counts that it seems like the same years of 2005, 2010, and 2014 seem to have the biggest spikes. This could be due to many factors; however, the trend has been pretty consistent with all the other types of graphs that we have seen from before, and that is a steady decline.
While the cases for injury is a lot more than illness the rate of the illness on the job is a lot higher. It is easier for people to get sick and inhale, eat, or have contact with substances that one cannot see sometimes. This can be due to many factors but at least in Virginia the count and the rate over the years have been decreasing; however, health professionals should be noted about the likelihood of having illness on the job is higher which is something that professionals need to look out for.