How To Take The Best Oral Care-2021

How To Take The Best Oral Care-2021

How To Take The Best Oral Care-2021

How To Take The Best Oral Care-2021

An Overview of Oral Care

Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth clean and free from diseases and other problems by brushing and cleaning between teeth regularly. Regular oral hygiene is very important to prevent dental disease and bad breath. The most common types of dental diseases are tooth decay (tooth decay, tooth decay) and gum disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis.

General guidelines recommend brushing twice a day: after breakfast and before going to bed, but it is best to clean the mouth after each meal. Cleaning between teeth is called interdental cleaning, which is as important as brushing. This is because the toothbrush cannot reach between the teeth, so it can only remove about 50% of the plaque on the tooth surface. There are many tools for cleaning teeth, including dental floss and interdental brushes. It is up to each person to choose which tool they prefer to use.

Sometimes, white or straight teeth are related to oral hygiene. However, a hygienic oral cavity may stain or crooked teeth. To improve the appearance of teeth, people can use teeth whitening treatments and orthodontics.

Some Common Oral Problems:

Most people don’t know their oral problems properly. Here are some common problems that can be severe if you don’t go early to the dentist:

A tooth decay/Oral Cavity

Tooth decay is a common dental problem which is a permanently damaged area in or around the surface of a tooth that can cause tiny holes. This is one of the most common dental problems and can even occur in babies.

They are caused by plaque caused by the deposition of foods high in sugar or starch on the surface of the teeth. Bacteria in the mouth feed on sugar and starch, which causes the protective layer (enamel) of the tooth to gradually deteriorate. This then leads to tooth decay, which is likely to require filling.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 60-90% of children worldwide have tooth decay. You might think this is normal because they are children and are crazy about the candy that causes tooth decay.

According to statistics from the World Health Organization, almost 100% of adults worldwide suffer from tooth decay.

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Why is that?

Tooth decay or tooth decay is caused by the food you consume. Although they can also be caused by bacteria in your mouth, drinking sugary beverages (such as soda, regular snacks, and smoking) are the main causes of tooth decay in adults.

For children, they can become tooth decay because of sugar consumption, and because they do not have the proper discipline to observe proper oral hygiene.

But how do you know if you have tooth decay? Some symptoms should prompt you to see a doctor.

Once these symptoms appear, please make an appointment to see the dentist. In fact, it is certain that once you experience a persistent toothache or sudden tingling while eating, you don’t need to see a doctor to go to the dentist.

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Gum disease

Starting from gingivitis, it has three stages of development. Gingivitis is a reversible gum disease, but if it is not treated, it can lead to more serious problems called periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease must be treated as soon as possible. Otherwise, the third stage of gum disease, also known as advanced periodontal disease, can cause teeth to loosen.

The World Help Organization (WHO) stated that 15-25% of adults aged 35-44 in the world suffer from severe periodontal disease. This means that some people think that gum disease is not serious. By the age of 50, they will lose most of their teeth.

What are the symptoms of gum disease? Sometimes, we are used to the state of oral health, but none of us have shown the incidence of gum disease. The bad breath has been released.

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Symptoms of Gum Disease:

Some symptoms can occur when you have gum disease:

  1. Bleeding gums –Will the gums bleed when I floss or brush my teeth? This should not always happen. This is an early sign of weakened gums.
  2. Bad breath-If you still notice bad breath after following strict oral hygiene habits, consider gingivitis.
  3. Red, swollen or soft gums – healthy gums should be pink and close to the roots of the teeth. If you find swelling, redness, or tenderness around the roots where your teeth are in contact with your gums, please see your dentist immediately.
  4. Loose teeth-Loose teeth may already be a sign of severe periodontal disease. Don’t take it lightly. Please dispose of it as soon as possible to reduce the risk of needing replacement.
  5. Development of pus-If you start to notice pus around the root of the tooth, it is a sign of a more serious infection that can easily spread to other parts of the mouth. Get treatment right away. The dentist may prescribe antibiotics. Just like other common dental problems, you can prevent gum disease. Since gum disease is also caused by bacteria in the plaque that corrodes the gingival ligaments, it is easy to prevent gum disease by developing good oral hygiene habits. We can’t bear enough pressure and brushing our teeth at least 3 times a day will make a difference. This is not only the advice you gave me when you were young. When you are older, it makes a big difference. It is also a wise move to see the dentist for general cleaning every two months or so, and will greatly help you maintain the best level of oral health. Using tartar-control toothpaste will also help prevent tartar and dental plaque.
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Bad Breath

There is nothing more embarrassing than bad breath. Sadly, bad breath (also called bad breath) is a common oral problem of all ages. However, although we may think this is common, it is usually a sign of other dental problems.

Studies have shown that about 85% of patients with bad breath are suffering from other dental problems. Bad breath is a common symptom of gum disease, tooth decay, or oral cancer.

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Bad Breath from Foods:

Sometimes food also can cause bad breath. Just because of bad breath does not mean you have a serious dental problem. This may be caused by you have been eating. Some foods can cause bad breath, such as garlic, onions, candy, or wine.

Some spices can also produce peculiar smells in your breath. For example, you have been eating a lot of garlic. The strong garlic smell will eventually stick to the surface of your mouth, which is difficult to remove with a brush or two. The same is true of fennel.

This is why brushing your teeth after each meal can help control bad breath and other oral problems. If you cannot brush your teeth later, please bring a small bottle of mouthwash. At least rinse your mouth with fresh water after eating.

If the odor persists, go to the dentist to rule out other serious oral diseases.

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Dry mouth

Dry mouth is sometimes called xerostomia. In this case, the salivary glands cannot produce enough saliva to keep the inside of the mouth moist.

Saliva has antibacterial ingredients that help keep dental plaque away from the surface of the teeth. It is caused by many factors such as smoking, prescription drugs, aging, or stress.

People who take drugs or chemotherapy are at high risk of intervention. The same is true for the elderly population. The lack of moisture in the mouth can lead to more plaque, tooth decay, and eventually tooth decay.

The common symptoms of dry mouth may be simple, such as chapped lips, mouth sores, and bad breath, but more serious symptoms may appear, such as gum irritation and mouth burning.

Although there is no absolute way to solve the problem of dry mouth, it has been proven that drinking plenty of water helps keep the mouth hydrated.

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Squeezing is not just an aesthetic dental problem. It can cause alignment problems and eventually temporomandibular disease or TMJ. An improper bite can cause jaw problems, which may require surgical repair.

Restoring crowded teeth will be the best way (although the process is very long) to prevent jaw disease and malocclusion.

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This is natural for many people. When the milk tooth falls and the new tooth appears in a special position, crowding may occur. Teeth also move without people knowing, so they may eventually be realigned.

Braces are the preferred treatment for crowded teeth that require severe correction. Depending on the population, the orthodontist may even recommend tooth extractions to make room for tooth displacement.

If you do not need a lot of realignment, you can choose a clear aligner called Invisalign. This requires more discipline because they need to be taken out during meals, cleaned and put back in, and replaced every two weeks. However, for those who do not want the aesthetic disadvantages of using dental braces, this will be the way.

Visit an orthodontist to see if you have crowded teeth.

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Root infection

If you have heard of or tried root canal treatment, then you know that root infection is a serious problem. This is painful and uncomfortable.

Root infection occurs when bacteria infect the root of a tooth. It enters the center of the tooth and erodes the inner pulp tissue. You will experience the effects that ordinary toothache may have on you.

During root canal surgery, the dentist or endodontist will drill a hole in the middle of the tooth. Then, he took the file to grind away the damaged surface and provide access to the root. After the opening is formed, a special suction tool will be used to suck all the pus and infected tissue.

Then seal it with gutta-percha, a hardened material that prevents bacteria from re-entering the root of the tooth and strengthens the tooth.

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Tooth loss

Many of the common dental problems we have discussed can cause tooth loss. If not treated immediately, periodontal disease will eventually cause this condition. If the tooth cannot be preserved, tooth decay can also lead to tooth extraction. The same is true for root infections.

Therefore, when this happens, you have only two options: dentures or implants.

Dental implants are permanently embedded in your jawbone, making it strong, strong, and long-lasting. They look and feel like natural teeth and can fully restore function. To make the patient heal, the process is carried out several times, but it has become the choice of many elderly patients.

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Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the most deadly dental problem that people may encounter. A study conducted by the Oral Cancer Foundation showed that the number of oral cancers is staggering.

Oral cancer is considered to be head and neck cancer. Of all head and neck cancer cases in the United States, 85% are oral cancers. In the United States alone, approximately 54,000 confirmed cases are reported each year, resulting in 13,500 deaths.

These figures alone are enough to emphasize the seriousness of this dental problem. Oral cancer has a higher mortality rate than other types of cancer because it does not have any pain or major symptoms.

It starts with a small pink growth in the mouth. Since our mouth does not have a smooth surface and is naturally pink or red, it is unlikely to be noticed. This is why it is helpful to visit your dentist.

The dentist knows what to pay attention to during regular check-ups and can suggest further checks as needed.

Oral cancer is usually caused by smoking and drinking alcohol. Smokers (whether heavier or lighter) need to have their teeth checked and cleaned regularly to reduce the chance of getting oral cancer. The same is true for people who like to drink.

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How To Take The Best Oral Care

The best way to take your oral care is given below-

  • Avoid foods that are high in sugar or starch-soda, ice cream, cakes, candy biscuits, and other foods and beverages are high in starch and sugar.
  • Make sure to brush your teeth thoroughly-if you do eat these foods, brush your teeth after eating to prevent plaque buildup.
  • Rinse your mouth – If you cannot brush your teeth immediately, rinse your mouth with water.
  • Drink plenty of water if you can stay away from other non-aqueous beverages, do so. The prepared beverage contains chemicals and a lot of sugar, which can cause dental plaque.
  • Visit your dentist regularly-ask about the choice of dental sealant or fluoride gel

How To Take The Best Oral Care Tools:

Dental floss
Since 40% of the surface is interdental, brushing alone does not remove plaque on all surfaces of the teeth. Dental flossing is a technique that can be used to access these areas. With proper techniques, flossing can remove plaque and food particles between the teeth and under the gums. The American Dental Association (ADA) reports that up to 80% of dental plaque can be removed by this method. The ADA recommends cleaning between teeth as part of daily oral hygiene measures.

Types of dental floss include:

Unwaxed dental floss: Unbound nylon filaments all over the teeth. Plaques and debris are trapped and easy to remove.
Wax thread: It is not easy to tear or shred when used in close contact or between draped restorations.
Teflon: easy to slide through close contact and will not wear.

Interdental brush
The interdental brushes are available in a variety of color-coded sizes. They consist of a handle and a wire covered with tapered bristles and are designed to be placed in the interdental space to remove plaque. Studies have shown that interdental brushes are equivalent to or more effective than dental floss in removing plaque and reducing gum inflammation. It is especially recommended for orthodontic patients and is equivalent to dental floss.

Tongue scraper

The tongue contains a lot of bacteria, which can cause bad breath. Tongue cleaners are designed to remove debris that has accumulated on the tongue. Using a toothbrush to clean the tongue is another possibility, but it may be difficult to reach the back of the tongue, and the bristles of the toothbrush may be too soft to remove debris.

Rinse the tongue scraper to clean and remove all debris
Starting from the back of the tongue, gently scrape forward. Make sure to clean the sides and middle of the tongue
After cleaning, rinse the tongue scraper and remaining debris

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Other oral care tips

In addition to daily brushing and flossing, you should also consider using a fluoride mouthwash to promote oral health.

Besides, please avoid the temptation to use toothpicks or other items that may harm your gums and absorb bacteria. If you smoke, try to quit. Smoking increases the risk of many diseases, including gum disease and tooth loss.

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Read More Articles Written by Dr. Hasanat Alamgir

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