Hospital discharge data for injury surveillance: detailed information about the event or the circumstances surrounding the are not collected by a majority of registries. Only “major” trauma patients are included and they usually do not include patients who survive and stay in the hospital less than three days. There are also trauma registries that do not include drowning, poisoning, and/or suffocation.
They have a high workplace fatality rate in the US because they are more likely than other workers born in the United States to encounter barriers to
occupational safety like limited English proficiency
There is also no cultural precedent for safety, they might also have a fear of employer retaliation for speaking up about safety hazards in their workplace
Workplace fatality rates increase with age because as people age their health and strength begins to decline, making them more vulnerable to injuries. Older people’s minds are also not as sharp as they increase with age.
Since the Coroner/Medical examiner are the one who determine how the person has died, they can report back the data on what injury may have caused the workplace fatality to help with the studies.
I think that they might underreport injuries because they do not want to deal with the pressure of coming up with solutions to the problems. The workers compensation process is slow, which deters workers from wanting to go through the process. Some people do not know that they have a work related illness or injury and are scared to report it because of they backlash and bad judgement they might receive. They criteria that OSHA has for record keeping may be confusing to employers. I also think that employers intimidate and harass their employees that try to report their illnesses and injuries.