According to Conroy and Russell (1990), the coroner/medical examiner or autopsy reports can be used as a source of workplace fatality data since the coroner/medical examiner has the obligation to examine and investigate the exact cause of death, whether it be occupational related or not. These types of reports serve a confirmation of cause of death for the death certificates (Conroy & Russell, 1990). The results are usually on hand and can be used more readily instead of waiting for other methods of statistics that can take years to put together (Conroy & Russell, 1990). Conroy and Russell (1990), also state that the autopsy report also has much more details about the cause death, the time and the toxicology results where other types of reports may not have this information. While this type of surveillance is not used in epidemiological studies, coroner/medical examiner or autopsy reports can still be used to provide professionals fast and additional data (Conroy & Russell, 1990).
Hispanics and immigrants to this country they have worked from the lowest of the lowest jobs just to make sure that my brother and I have a good living. Overall, Hispanics (and other races as well) tend to do whatever it takes to make ends meet. The Population Reference Bureau (2009) state that Hispanics tend to wok risker jobs in smaller employment places. Sometimes these smaller employers don’t have the resources to take care of their employees and since Hispanics tend to work these risker jobs, they do have a higher workplace fatality rate.
For my internship I work at an airport where age is a big problem in our workforce. Most of our employees are between 40 to even 60-year old. There are a lot of worker’s compensation paper and complaints from our older workforce about backaches, neck pain, lower back pain, hand/wrist pain, leg pain, falling, hitting of the head, etc. I believe that the main reason that the workplace fatality rate increases with age is because as we get older our bodies start to deteriorate. Our bodies are not the same as they were 20 or 30 years ago, so working at the airport, for example, is a dangerous and heavy-duty work job especially for the older workforce.
there could be an underreporting due to smaller industries and their resources of being able to handle workers injury or illness. Wuellner, Adams, and Bonauto (2016), state that most of the SOII data was able to be compared with worker’s comp claims; however, sometimes worker’s comp claims do not meet SOII criteria, thus go underreported. Furthermore, small business most of the time do not have worker’s comp unlike the bigger business (Wuellner, Adams, & Bonauto, 2016). The main problem is that data systems differ from business system and how one enters their work-related injury (Wuellner, Adams, & Bonauto, 2016). Wuellner, Adams, & Bonauto (2016), also mention that for underreporting is that it is harder to gather information from multi-establishments business rather than single-establishment business.
Schoenman, Sutton, Kintala, Love, and Maw (2005) state some reasons in the following paragraph if one uses hospital discharge data as a surveillance tool, work related cases may be missed if misclassified, error in coding, and co-morbidities. All of these potentially play a part in whether it was wok-related. Another reason could be from when the patient affected by the work-related injury dies before reaching the hospital or if the injury is not serious enough for the patient to stay overnight at the hospital (Schoenman, Sutton, Kintala, Love, & Maw, 2005). Discharge data is submitted voluntarily in some states which is E-codes are there to give more information about the injury type; however, some hospitals do not input the E-code making it harder for injury surveillance (Schoenman, Sutton, Kintala, Love, & Maw, 2005).